In the current era of technology and convenience it is hard to believe a civilization that thrived from B. The fact that they achieved so much despite a lack of technology and machinery only speaks to their ingenuity. Schools across the globe today still teach many of the ideas and innovations that made the ancient Greeks such an influential part of human history.
Greek religion as it is currently understood probably resulted from the mingling of religious beliefs and practices between the incoming Greek-speaking peoples who arrived from the north during the 2nd millennium bce and the indigenous inhabitants whom they called Pelasgi.
But there was also a Cretan sky god, whose birth and death were celebrated in rituals and myths quite different from those of the incomers. The incomers applied the name of Zeus to his Cretan counterpart.
In addition, there was a tendency, fostered but not necessarily originated by Homer and Hesiodfor major Greek deities to be given a home on Mount Olympus.
Once established there in a conspicuous position, the Olympians came to be identified with local deities and to be assigned as consorts to the local god or goddess.
Zeus hurling a thunderbolt, bronze statuette from Dodona, Greece, early 5th century bc; in the Collection of Classical Antiquities, National Museums in Berlin. Antikenabteilung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin—Preussischer Kulturbesitz An unintended consequence since the Greeks were monogamous was that Zeus in particular became markedly polygamous.
Zeus already had a consort when he arrived in the Greek world and took Heraherself a major goddess in Argosas another. Hesiod used—or sometimes invented—the family links among the deities, traced out over several generations, to explain the origin and present condition of the universe.
At some date, Zeus and other deities were identified locally with heroes and heroines from the Homeric poems and called by such names as Zeus Agamemnon.
The Pelasgian and the Greek strands of the religion of the Greeks can sometimes be disentangled, but the view held by some scholars that any belief related to fertility must be Pelasgian, on the grounds that the Pelasgi were agriculturalists while the Greeks were nomadic pastoralists and warriors, seems somewhat simplistic.
Pastoralists and warriors certainly require fertility in their herds—not to mention in their own number. While such behaviour continued in the wild, in the cities—in Athensat any rate—the cult of Dionysus was tamed before bce. Tragedy developed from the choral song of Dionysus.
Some tyrants, such as Peisistratus in Athens, were nobles and rose to power by offering the poor defense against the rest of the nobility. Once established, Peisistratus built temples and founded or revived festivals.
At that time too, the earliest references to the Eleusinian Mysteries appear. The Mysteries offered a more-personal, less-distant relationship with the divine than did most of the Olympians. There was no Eleusinian way of life. Ruins of the sanctuary at Eleusis, Greece. At the beginning of the 5th century, Heracleitus of Ephesus and Xenophanes of Colophon heaped scorn on cult and gods alike.
The Sophistswith their relentless probing of accepted values, continued the process. Little is known of the general success of those attacks in society as a whole. Antiquity evoked awe; some of the most-revered objects in Greece were antique and aniconic figures that bore the name of an Olympian deity.
The Varvakeion, a Roman marble copy c.Its form and style—influenced by religious ritual, traditionally thought to have contributed to the emergence of Greek theatre—were dictated by its performance in the great dramatic competitions of the spring and winter.
Greeks have contributed to the visual, literary and performing arts. In the West, classical Greek art was influential in shaping the Roman and later the modern Western artistic heritage.
Jul 21, · Ancient Greece's greatest contributions to the world Olympic games- the international sports competition in which almost every country participates in. democracy- It means rule by the people. Athenian Greeks might have invented democracy but power was in the hands of wealthy merchants.
The Ancient Greeks were the driving force behind the development of western astronomy and science, their philosophers learning from the work of others and adding their own interpretations and observations. Greek Anaximander was the first one to conceptualize the idea of latitude and longitude and draw maps on the basis of that.
Later, other Greeks like Eratosthenes and Strabo created maps spanning the world. The ancient Greeks have made many influential contributions to western civilization. These contributions, which are also the achievements of ancient Greece, include certain things in the areas of philosophy, art and architecture, and math and science.