Trinity incarnation and atonement philosophical and theological essays

How can we know realities of a divine nature? First, we may come to know things about God through rational demonstration.

Trinity incarnation and atonement philosophical and theological essays

Philosophy and Christian Theology In the history of Christian theology, philosophy has sometimes been seen as a natural complement to theological reflection, whereas at other times practitioners of the two disciplines have regarded each other as mortal enemies.

An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.

Some early Christian thinkers such as Tertullian were of the view that any intrusion of secular philosophical reason into theological reflection was out of order.

Thus, even if certain theological claims seemed to fly in the face of the standards of reasoning defended by philosophers, the religious believer should not flinch.

Other early Christian thinkers, such as St. Augustine of Hippo, argued that philosophical reflection complemented theology, but only when these philosophical reflections were firmly grounded in a prior intellectual commitment to the underlying truth of the Christian faith.

Thus, the legitimacy of philosophy was derived from the legitimacy of the underlying faith commitments. It was during this time however that St.

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Thomas Aquinas offered yet another model for the relationship between philosophy and theology. According to the Thomistic model, philosophy and theology are distinct enterprises, differing primarily in their intellectual starting points.

Philosophy takes as its data the deliverances of our natural mental faculties: These data can be accepted on the basis of the reliability of our natural faculties with respect to the natural world. Theology, on the other hand takes as its starting point the divine revelations contained in the Bible.

These data can be accepted on the basis of divine authority, in a way analogous to the way in which we accept, for example, the claims made by a physics professor about the basic facts of physics. Since this way of thinking about philosophy and theology sharply demarcates the disciplines, it is possible in principle that the conclusions reached by one might be contradicted by the other.

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According to advocates of this model, however, any such conflict must be merely apparent. Since God both created the world which is accessible to philosophy and revealed the texts accessible to theologians, the claims yielded by one cannot conflict with the claims yielded by another unless the philosopher or theologian has made some prior error.

Since the deliverances of the two disciplines must then coincide, philosophy can be put to the service of theology and perhaps vice-versa. How might philosophy play this complementary role?

First, philosophical reasoning might persuade some who do not accept the authority of purported divine revelation of the claims contained in religious texts.

Thus, an atheist who is unwilling to accept the authority of religious texts might come to believe that God exists on the basis of purely philosophical arguments. Second, distinctively philosophical techniques might be brought to bear in helping the theologian clear up imprecise or ambiguous theological claims.

Thus, for example, theology might provide us with information sufficient to conclude that Jesus Christ was a single person with two natures, one human and one divine, but leave us in the dark about exactly how this relationship between divine and human natures is to be understood.

The philosopher can provide some assistance here, since, among other things, he or she can help the theologian discern which models are logically inconsistent and thus not viable candidates for understanding the relationship between the divine and human natures in Christ.

For most of the twentieth century, the vast majority of English language philosophy—including philosophy of religion—went on without much interaction with theology at all.A Dutch Jewish rationalist, Baruch or Benedict de Spinoza was born Spinozism timberdesignmag.com timberdesignmag.com:2, 3.

in Amsterdam into a distinguished Jewish family, exiled from Spain Introduction {and living in the relative religious freedom of the Netherlands. He. attended the Jewish school, and became learned in .

The book is a collection of essays written by Korean American Presbyterian clergywomen. The stories are personal and theological. Some are homiletical. [AAA] Atlas of Ancient Archaeology, Jacquetta Hawkes (ed), Barnes and Nobles: [AAF] Answering a Fundamentalist, Albert J. Nevins, M.M., Our Sunday Visitor.

Trinity incarnation and atonement philosophical and theological essays

Overview. With over 1, scholarly commentaries covering every book of the Bible, the Complete Classic Commentaries Bundle is a timeless trove of expositions, analyses, and illustrations. This volume is a collection of essays by philosophers and theologians on the central doctrines of the Christian faith.

The eight essays aim to present the subleties and riches of the Christian doctrines of Trinity, Incarnation and Atonement - doctrines that are essential for understanding the distinctiveness of Christianity.

Islamic thought and sources influenced and made important contributions both to the radical Enlightenment and the early American Revolution. Clear and credible historical evidence demonstrates that many Founding Fathers of America were either “deists” or “Unitarians.”.

Eastern Orthodox theology - Wikipedia