However, there were many traditional religions practiced prior to the arrival of these two religions. Today, around 10 percent of the African population still practice some form of traditional religion. Common Beliefs Although Africa is a huge continent with many different peoples and traditional religions, some beliefs and practices are common through many of the religions. Supreme God - Many African religions believed in a supreme god that created the world.
The Historical Roots of Oppression The unprecedented militancy demonstrated by South African women during the s advanced the liberation struggle significantly. However, to speak generally of South African women is to obscure the real importance of these bitter struggles.
African women workers have had a specific role to play. Exploited as workers, oppressed as Africans, they bear the additional burden of sexual inequalities.
In South Africa, women provide another source of readily available cheap Black labour so necessary for the system to survive. Yet these women, whose consciousness has spanned several dimensions of oppression, played a crucial role in the advancement of the working class struggle spearheaded by SACTU.
Similarly, African women played a leading role in the general political struggle of the s and s. Specific campaigns led by the women were those, which attacked the basis of their particular oppression.
In their campaigns against the extension of pass laws to African women, against the government-sponsored beer halls and their attacks on the dipping tanks in the rural areas, the women represented a strong, united force to be reckoned with.
Their strength and determination inspired the men who fought alongside them and they advanced the liberation struggle considerably during this period.
The origins of the oppression of African women in South Africa are similar to those, which characterized all colonised nations during the plunder of previous centuries. Expropriation of tribal lands, slavery, forced labour, destruction of indigenous culture - these were the effects of the onslaught of colonialism on the people of Africa and elsewhere.
Two aspects combined to define the particular form of oppression suffered by women in these societies: In South Africa, the Apartheid state has ensured the continuation of a system in which African women are oppressed on the basis of their skin colour and their sex.
Through the system of migrant labour, the pass laws and other special laws affecting African women, the regime has created a particularly unique form of oppression, distinguishing it from other forms of female oppression within capitalist societies.
In South Africa women are stripped of all those rights considered basic human rights throughout the world - the right to choose where to live and work, the right to live with their partners and husbands, the right to bring up and care for their own children.
Apartheid Laws and African Women The most devastating laws affecting African women are those, which ensure the maintenance of the migrant, labour system.
More and more people are being forcibly removed from their dwelling places in the towns and cast out to the barren reserves as all African workers are being turned into migrant labourers. Women serving no purpose for the White economy are discarded, unable to live with their husbands except perhaps during the annual two-week holiday allowed migrant workers.
They fight for survival in the barren reserves, eking out a miserable existence from what little land is available, supplemented only by the meagre earnings sent by their husbands. Kwashiorkor and other diseases associated with malnutrition are widespread and death from starvation, particularly among children, is common in the reserves.
Insofar as capitalism always seeks the highest rate of profit, it is in the interests of the South African ruling class to keep the Apartheid system intact and refine the migrant labour policy accordingly. In reality, poverty and disease are rampant in the reserves and a stable family unit is an impossibility.
BY controlling the movement of the African labour force, they prevent Africans from selling their labour freely. Failure to produce these on demand renders the African workers liable to summary arrest and conviction. Passes for women were not introduced until the mid- s.The Maasai people of East Africa live in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania along the Great Rift Valley on semi-arid and arid lands.
Introduction. The multiplicity and diversity of African societies is reflected in the broad literature devoted to the study of women and gender in Africa, which encompasses several thousand ethnolinguistic groups and fifty-five sovereign states. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.
Lesotho was originally inhabited by the Bushmen who roamed southern Africa, as evidenced by the Bushmen drawings and paintings in the river gorges.
The importance of women in African society is portrayed in a Ghanaian proverb which says, ‘A Woman is a flower in a garden, her husband is the fence around.’ Before we examine the role of ''Women in African Traditional Religion,” certain methodological issues have to be resolved.
We commend the women who spoke out in the International Criminal Court where their testimonies have held to account those who used rape as a weapon of war. Introduction. The multiplicity and diversity of African societies is reflected in the broad literature devoted to the study of women and gender in Africa, which encompasses several thousand ethnolinguistic groups and fifty-five sovereign states.