From tothe Incas used a variety of methods, from conquest to peaceful assimilation, to incorporate a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean mountain ranges, including, besides Peru, large parts of modern Ecuador, western and south central Bolivia, northwest Argentina, north and central Chile, and a small part of southern Colombia into a state comparable to the historical empires of Eurasia. The official language of the empire was Quechua, although hundreds of local languages and dialects of Quechua were spoken.
Priorities[ edit ] Traditionally, the host country of the G8 summit sets the agenda for negotiations, which take place primarily amongst multi-national civil servants in the weeks before the summit itself, leading to a joint declaration which all countries can agree to sign.
President Chirac suggested that the main theme of the summit should be globalization. The first night of the three-day summit, they ate a dinner cooked by four chefs from towns and cities around Lyons whose restaurants have won three stars in the Michelin guide.
As a practical matter, the summit was also conceived as an opportunity for its members to give each other mutual encouragement in the face of difficult economic decisions.
The G7 summits have since mutated into media events,  but a few long notable innovations began in this context: Financial crisis and stability[ edit ] Work in connection with G7 concern about financial market stability began at the Lyon summit. The collapse of Barings Bank demonstrated the fragile and interconnected nature of modern financial markets; and it suggested inherent dangers of contagion and systemic collapse following a single event.
Transnational organized Crime[ edit ] Following the Halifax summit ina group of experts was brought together to investigate better ways to fight transnational crime.
This group later known as the "Lyon Group" proffered forty recommendations which were endorsed by the G7 heads of state at Lyon. The Lyon Group developed sub-groups to address specific crime-related issues e. Special modifications were made to accommodate the special requirements of the Americans.
For example, one of the meeting rooms was specially equipped with more than telephones, some of which were directly linked to the White House. The armored presidential limousine which was transported from Washington, D.
Moreover, special generators were temporarily installed to accommodate extra electrical needs; and their capacity would be able to support lighting the entire city of Lyon. The first ladies were invited by Madame Chirac to a visit to the Beaujolais wine region.The graduate certificate in Crime Science is designed to produce professionals who are qualified for analytical positions in policing and other branches of the criminal justice system, as well as in private industry or non-profit organizations that have an analytical function.
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