It also can teach us the opposite — that forests hold the heat in at night — acting as a regulator of the heat buildup of the day — preventing wide swings in highs and lows. Then it can be understood that when this massive amount of heat from millions of acres of bare land moves over the Atlantic from the winds in the atmosphere, here it comes that the Atlantic waters off the northeastern and eastern coast of South America heat up, as well. And, because of the increase in heat in the atmosphere from South America added to the normal heat buildup of summer and fall, the high temperature builds even more in the Atlantic creating, not just more, but bigger storms.
The Amazon basin has the greatest variety of plant species on Earth and an abundance of animal life, in contrast to the scrublands that border it to the south and east. The Amazonian region includes vast areas of rainforest, widely dispersed grasslands, and mangrove… A brief treatment of the Amazon Rainforest follows.
For full treatment, see South America: Amazonia is the largest river basin in the world, and its forest stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the tree line of the Andes in the west. The forest widens from a mile km front along the Atlantic to a belt 1, miles 1, km wide where the lowlands meet the Andean foothills.
The immense extent and great continuity of this rainforest is a reflection of the high rainfallhigh humidityand monotonously high temperatures that prevail in the region. A stream in the Amazon Rainforest, Ecuador.
The luxuriant vegetation encompasses a wide variety of treesincluding many species of myrtlelaurelpalmand acaciaas well as rosewoodBrazil nutand rubber tree.
Excellent timber is furnished by the mahogany and the Amazonian cedar. Major wildlife includes jaguarmanateetapirred deercapybara and many other types of rodentsand several types of monkeys. Among the arthropods of the Amazon Rainforest are spiders including orb weavers and tarantulasscorpions, centipedes, millipedes, butterflies, wasps, rhinoceros beetles, ponerine ants, mantids, and walkingsticks.
Brazil holds approximately 60 percent of the Amazon basin within its borders, and some 1, square miles 4, square km of this was covered by forests in The amount of forest cover declined to some 1, square miles 3, square km byabout 81 percent of the area that had been covered by forests in In the s the Brazilian government and various international bodies began efforts to protect parts of the forest from human encroachment, exploitation, deforestationand other forms of destruction.
Deforestation of the Amazon River basin has followed a pattern of cutting, burning, farming, and grazing. This process is then repeated on adjacent plots of land, steadily pushing back the borders of the Amazon Rainforest.
Farmer helping set a fire in the Amazon Rainforest. By the state oil company Petroecuador had begun to drill and extract petroleum from the park. Tropical forests and deforestationTropical forests and deforestation in the early 21st century.The Amazon rainforest is home to a wide variety of plants and animals.
It spreads over 2 million square miles on the earth's surface and spans over 8 South American countries. It rises and falls over 30 feet every year. There are many plants and trees that grow in this forest . Jaguars are the largest of South America's big cats.
They once roamed from the southern tip of that continent north to the region surrounding the U.S.-Mexico border.
Today significant numbers of. The Wings of the Butterfly A Tale of the Amazon Rainforest Told by Aaron Shepard. On the banks of the Amazon River, in a clearing in the forest, there once lived a girl named Chimidyue. A South and Central American game bird resembling a partridge.
Larger tinamou can reach a . The Amazon Rainforest, also referred to as Amazonia or simply The Amazon Jungle, is the world’s largest rainforest and, with an area of approximately 5,, square kilometres, it represents over half of the world’s remaining rainforest. Brazil fires spread south The dryness of the land is encouraging the blaze to spread Forest fires in Brazil are still raging out of control, and have spread to the south-east of the country, following little or no recent rainfall in the area.
Amazon is not only the largest South American rainforest, it is also the largest rainforest in the world. It covers about 4 million square kilometres and contains one fifth of the world's fresh water and the whole 30% of all flora and fauna in the world.