Define Agrarian Reform in the Philippines. The present agricultural jurisprudence implemented countrywide is the Republic Act no. It is called comprehensive because it covers non merely private lands but besides public lands and other lands of the populace sphere which are classified as agricultural.
Pre-Spanish Period "This land is Ours God gave this land to us" Before the Spaniards came to the Philippines, Filipinos lived in villages or barangays ruled by chiefs or datus.
The datus comprised the nobility. Then came the maharlikas freemenfollowed by the aliping mamamahay serfs and aliping saguiguilid slaves. However, despite the existence of different classes in the social structure, practically everyone had access to the fruits of the soil.
Money was unknown, and rice served as the medium of exchange. Spanish Period "United we stand, divided we fall" When the Spaniards came to the Philippines, the concept of encomienda Royal Land Grants was introduced.
This system grants that Encomienderos must defend his encomienda from external attack, maintain peace and order within, and support the missionaries.
In turn, the encomiendero acquired the right to collect tribute from the indios native. The system, however, degenerated into abuse of power by the encomienderos The tribute soon became land rents to a few powerful landlords.
And the natives who once cultivated the lands in freedom were transformed into mere share tenants.
Emilio Aguinaldo declared in the Malolos Constitution his intention to confiscate large estates, especially the so-called Friar lands. Philippine Bill of - Set the ceilings on the hectarage of private individuals and corporations may acquire: Land Registration Act of Act No.
Public Land Act of - introduced the homestead system in the Philippines.
Tenancy Act of Act No. The Torrens system, which the Americans instituted for the registration of lands, did not solve the problem completely. Either they were not aware of the law or if they did, they could not pay the survey cost and other fees required in applying for a Torrens title.
Quezon espoused the "Social Justice" program to arrest the increasing social unrest in Central Luzon. Significant legislation enacted during Commonwealth Period: Rural Program Administration, created March 2, - Provided the purchase and lease of haciendas and their sale and lease to the tenants.
Hukbalahap controlled whole areas of Central Luzon; landlords who supported the Japanese lost their lands to peasants while those who supported the Huks earned fixed rentals in favor of the tenants.
Unfortunately, the end of war also signaled the end of gains acquired by the peasants. Upon the arrival of the Japanese in the Philippines inpeasants and workers organizations grew strength. Philippine Republic "The New Republic" After the establishment of the Philippine Independence inthe problems of land tenure remained.
These became worst in certain areas. Thus the Congress of the Philippines revised the tenancy law. President Manuel Roxas enacted the following laws: President Elpidio Quirino enacted the following law: President Ramon Magsaysay enacted the following laws: It was particularly aimed at rebel returnees providing home lots and farmlands in Palawan and Mindanao.
The law provided the security of tenure of tenants. It also created the Court of Agrarian Relations.
Garcia Continued the program of President Ramon Magsaysay. No new legislation passed. President Diosdado Macapagal enacted the following law: The RA was hailed as one that would emancipate Filipino farmers from the bondage of tenancy.
President Ferdinand Marcos Five days after the proclamation of Martial Law, the entire country was proclaimed a land reform area and simultaneously the Agrarian Reform Program was decreed. President Marcos enacted the following laws:Read this essay on Agrarian Reform.
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